From science and computers, a new face of Jesus

CNN, Dec. 25, 2002
By Jeordan Legon

(CNN) –The Jesus plastered on the cover of this month’s Popular Mechanics has a broad peasant’s face, dark olive skin, short curly hair and a prominent nose. He would have been 5-foot-1-inch tall and weighed 110 pounds, if the magazine is to be believed.

This representation is quite different from the typical lithe, long-haired, light-skinned and delicate-featured depiction of the man Christians consider the son of God.

Israeli and British forensic anthropologists and computer programmers got together to create the face depicted in the 1.2-million circulation magazine, which occasionally diverts from its usual coverage of motors and tools to cover the merger of science and religion.

“What did Jesus look like?” the article says. “An answer has emerged from an exciting new field of science: forensic anthropology.”

Looking in on forensic anthropology

The same science has been used to create artists’ depictions of dozens of famous faces, including the father of Alexander the Great and King Midas of Phrygia. The depiction of Christ is based in large part on the work of Richard Neave, a medical artist retired from the University of Manchester in England.

“Using archaeological and anatomical science rather than artistic interpretation makes this the most accurate likeness ever created,” Jean Claude Gragard, producer of the BBC documentary “Son of God,” told The London Times. Gragard used the same image last year in his series.

“It isn’t the face of Jesus, because we’re not working with the skull of Jesus, but it is the departure point for considering what Jesus would have looked like,” he added.

How they started

Neave and a team of researchers started with an Israeli skull dating back to the 1st century. They then used computer programs, clay, simulated skin and their knowledge about the Jewish people of the time to determine the shape of the face, and color of eyes and skin.

They turned to the Bible to determine the length of his hair. In the New Testament, “would Paul (one of the apostles) have written, ‘If a man has long hair, it is a disgrace to him’ if Jesus Christ had had long hair?” the article surmises.

The magazine’s editors admit they cannot be certain how accurate the reconstruction of the face is.

‘Hard to find a lot of evidence’

“There is no way that we are saying this is the skull of Jesus,” Popular Mechanic’s Mike Fillon told CNN. “Christians believe … that Jesus’ entire body was resurrected, so there would never be any bones or skull or DNA evidence of Jesus. Plus, his ministry was very, very short. So it would be hard to find a lot of evidence.”

Instead the article focuses on describing the painstaking effort of recreating the face and how science and theology both played a part in the process.

Despite the concerns over accuracy, Alison Galloway, a professor of anthropology at the University of California in Santa Cruz, told Popular Mechanics that: “This is probably a lot closer to the truth than the work of many great masters.”

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Religion News Blog posted this on Thursday December 26, 2002.
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