Legal Quandary In Stabbing

Woman’s Refusal Of Transfusion Complicates Nature Of Charges

GREENWICH — When Carol Ferenz stood by her religious principles, it may have cost her life. It certainly left authorities in a quandary about her son.

Ferenz, a Jehovah’s Witness, turned down a blood transfusion after she was stabbed multiple times in her Greenwich home on New Year’s Eve. The Westchester County Medical Examiner in New York said her death was a homicide caused by blood loss due to stab wounds.

Jehovah’s Witnesses

Theologically, Jehovah’s Witnesses are a cult of Christianity. The oppressive organization does not represent historical, Biblical Christianity in any way. Sociologically, it is a destructive cult whose false teachings frequently result in spiritual and psychological abuse, as well as needless deaths.

Her 42-year-old son, Stephen Ferenz, who is mentally ill, is charged with two counts of first-degree assault. Authorities are weighing whether to charge him with homicide, evaluating whether the victim’s decision to refuse a transfusion played a central role in her death.

“Certainly it had to play some role,” said prosecutor Jim Bernardi. “At this point the degree to which it affected the outcome is still awaiting a review of the medical records.”

The Jehovah’s Witnesses shun the outside world in many respects. They cite verses in Leviticus and Acts that they say forbid blood transfusions. One often-cited Leviticus passage reads: “Whatsoever man … eats any manner of blood, I will cut him off from among his people.”

Ferenz, who was arraigned Jan. 2 and is being held with bail set at $1 million bond under a suicide watch, is due back in court Tuesday.

A similar case occurred in 1998 in California, when a Jehovah’s Witness who was hit by a drunken driver refused a blood transfusion and died. The 32-year-old driver, Keith Cook, blamed Jadine Russell’s death on her religious faith, but Cook was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 10 years in prison.

Most defenses in such cases fail, said Laurie Levenson, a criminal law professor at Loyola Law School.

“Overwhelmingly, the person who inflicted the harm is still responsible, notwithstanding the victim’s decision to reject medical treatment,” Levenson said. “The issue is who caused her death – her son or her decision not to have the blood transfusion.”

But Levenson said prosecutors are wise to proceed cautiously, noting that the reaction of jurors is unpredictable.

“It’s out of the ordinary. They [prosecutors] tend to pause because they realize it’s a more complicated case,” Levenson said.

Ferenz, 63, was stabbed in the chest and arm with a household knife. She was taken to Greenwich Hospital and later to Westchester Medical Center in Valhalla, N.Y., where she died on New Year’s Day.

“She looked the doctor in the eye and said, ‘No transfusion, no blood,'” her husband, said Andrew Ferenz, her husband.

He said he was not sure whether the lack of a transfusion contributed to her death. He said at one point he asked a doctor if his wife could have a transfusion, but said his wife had already given her instructions.

Ferenz said his son has been on medication for 25 years.

He said “no way” should his son be charged with homicide.

“He doesn’t know what he’s doing,” Ferenz said. “He needs help.”

Vacation? Short break? Day trip? Get Skip-the-line tickets at GetYourGuide.


(Listed if other than Religion News Blog, or if not shown above)
Associated Press, USA
Jan. 12, 2004
John Christoffersen, Associated Press

Religion News Blog posted this on Monday January 12, 2004.
Last updated if a date shows here:


More About This Subject


Our website includes affiliate links, which means we get a small commission -- at no additional cost to you -- for each qualifying purpose. For instance, as an Amazon Associate, Religion News Blog earns from qualifying purchases. That is one reason why we can provide this research service free of charge.

Speaking of which: One way in which you can support us — at no additional cost to you — is by shopping at