The Day, July 25, 2003
By PETER STEINFELS
Can you sue the person in the pulpit for preaching hellfire — at least if it gets personal?
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The lawsuit, filed on behalf of the family of Ben Martinez, charged that at the funeral for Martinez, the parish priest declared that the deceased, an 80-year-old former town councilor in Chama, N.M., had been a lukewarm Catholic who had been living in sin and was going to hell.
Besides accusing the priest of other abusive statements and demeaning behavior, the legal complaint detailed psychological pain, physical afflictions, anxiety, depression and humiliation allegedly suffered by Martinez’s family in the months after the funeral, which occurred over a year ago and had been attended by more than 150 relatives and townspeople.
None of this, it should be stressed, has been proved — or even heard — in court.
The priest, the Rev. Scott Mansfield, has denied the allegations, Celine Baca Radigan, director of communications for the Santa Fe Archdiocese, said in a phone interview on Friday.
Archdiocesan lawyers answered the complaint with a sweeping denial that “Father Mansfield attacked Ben Martinez and his family” or that “his words and/or conduct fell outside the liturgical norms of the Roman Catholic Church,” Radigan said.
Radigan also denied the complaint’s charge that the archdiocese had somehow “ratified and approved” the alleged conduct.
Mansfield, who now serves another parish after what the archdiocese said was a routine reassignment, did not respond to a message left there.
On one level, this might be a simple dispute over defamation. Preaching at a religious service is not a license to say anything about anyone.
On the other hand, if hard words are a recognized part of a religious doctrine to which someone has voluntarily subscribed, the matter becomes more complicated.
Catholic teaching affirms the existence of hell as a place of eternal punishment and separation from God but has never stated that any particular individuals are damned or that humans could know that.
Mansfield, 41, has been ordained only three years, after a career as a disc jockey. In an inaugural sermon to his present parish that he posted on the Web, he presented himself as a no-nonsense priest.
During that sermon, he recited the Oath of Fidelity to all church teachings that he took at ordination — and emphasized the word “all.”
“That tells you right where I stand,” he said.
In speaking to young people about not letting anything get in the way of their religious obligations, including fascination with popular culture or celebrity musicians, Mansfield was demanding, but he was also clearly the former disc jockey, alluding to his own past failings in that direction.
Despite his relatively few years of experience, Mansfield has already become the archdiocese’s official for promoting vocations to the priesthood.
A lawyer representing the archdiocese and Mansfield has moved to shift the case from state to federal court on the grounds that it raises First Amendment questions about freedom of religion and freedom of speech.
Whatever is eventually decided about what Mansfield did or did not do at Martinez’s funeral, the suit poses the further issue of what legal responsibility the archdiocese has for his actions. Just how much liability do high-level religious officials have for the conduct of the clergy they supervise?
Although that question has been spotlighted by the Catholic sexual abuse scandals, it has implications for all but the most congregational religious bodies.
It is a fact of life that anyone feeling seriously injured by an individual member of the clergy is not likely to get much compensation without showing that some higher level of the religious organization, with deeper pockets, was also at fault.
The New Mexico suit, for example, charged that the Santa Fe Archdiocese was responsible for the alleged conduct of the funeral because, after the fact, the church approved the removal from the parish of a man in training to become a deacon who was reported to have clashed with the priest about what had been said and done that day.
Radigan responded for the archdiocese that the man had been dropped from the program for deacon “on a totally unrelated issue.”
The complaint also accused the archdiocese of approving a newsletter circulating in the parish that threatened excommunication against anyone protesting the funeral.
The newsletter, written by Mansfield’s successor as pastor, certainly appeared to confirm that Mansfield had disturbed the parish with some sort of stern sermon about laxness in attending church.
Radigan said that the archdiocese had not endorsed anything circulated locally.
Finally, the complaint charged a general failure “to adequately instruct, supervise and discipline defendant Father Scott Mansfield in the manner that he conducted himself.”
Kathleen Kentish Lucero, the lawyer for the Martinez family, said on Friday that archdiocesan approval was demonstrated by the fact that Mansfield had been given a larger parish and his post as vocations director.
If this case makes it to trial, what is decided about this level of religious officials’ responsibility will be highly significant. What should be done, in a litigious society, about accusations of gross pastoral insensitivity? Is the answer to be found in the courtroom?
Undoubtedly, the Martinez family suit will eventually garner wide interest, if only for the unworthy reason that there is probably not a regular worshiper in the nation who at some time hasn’t entertained a strong desire to sue the person in the pulpit.
One can sympathize with Archbishop Michael J. Sheehan of Santa Fe. Appointed to lead the Catholic Church there a decade ago, he has been hailed for dealing with a backlog of cases of priestly sexual abuse.
For his reward, he was given the additional task last month of overseeing the Diocese of Phoenix, where Bishop Thomas J. O’Brien was entangled in similar cases and then had to resign after being charged with leaving the scene of a fatal auto accident.
Sheehan needs the new lawsuit about as much as Christians in the Roman amphitheaters needed a few more hungry lions. But like it or not, some important principles may be at stake.