Nigerian scam suspected in popular preacher’s slaying

SELMER, TENN. — A woman accused of shooting her preacher husband to death after they argued over money may have been taken in by a remarkably common scam that strained their finances and their marriage.

Mary Winkler, who is charged with murder, had become entangled along with her husband in a swindle known as an advance-fee fraud, or the “Nigerian scam,” in which victims are told that a sweepstakes prize or some other wealth is waiting if they send money to cover processing expenses, her lawyers say.

“They were always kind of living on the edge of their budget,” defence lawyer Steve Farese said, “so I’m sure this would have just wrecked their budget.”

No one has said how much money the Winklers may have lost, or what role the financial strain might have played in the slaying of Matthew Winkler, the popular minister at the Fourth Street Church of Christ in this small town 130 kilometres east of Memphis.

419 Fraud

419 fraud is named after the section of the Nigerian penal code which addresses fraud schemes.

He was shot in the back with a 12-gauge shotgun as he lay in bed March 22. After the shooting, Mary Winkler loaded her three young daughters into the family van and went to the Gulf Coast for what she described as a final beach vacation. She was arrested the next day in Orange Beach, Ala.

Investigators said last month that Winkler confessed to shooting her husband after arguing about money. She has pleaded not guilty.

“I had gotten a call from the bank and we were having trouble, mostly my fault, bad bookkeeping. He was upset with me about that,” she told police, according to a statement read at her bail hearing.

“He had really been on me lately, criticizing me for things — the way I walk, what I eat, everything. It was just building up to a point. I was tired of it. I guess I got to a point and snapped.”

Advance-fee scams became associated with Nigeria in the 1980s when government corruption and a failing economy left many well-educated, English-speaking Nigerians unemployed. “But we see it from all over the world,” said John Kane, research manager for the National White Collar Crime Center.

In some versions of the scam, con artists send their victims cheques for what they are told are partial winnings. The victims deposit the cheques, then draw on them to pay the thousands of dollars in “processing fees” that the con artists ask for.

“Everything is just fine, but then four or five days later, your bank calls and says that cheque you deposited was bogus,” Kane said.

In Winkler’s case, she deposited suspicious cheques from Canada and Nigeria for a total of $17,500, authorities said.

“All I know is they entered sweepstakes,” Farese said. “They got these cheques in the mail, and they made calls to activate them.”

Winkler is in jail, unable to raise $750,000 bail. Her trial is set for Oct. 30.

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(Listed if other than Religion News Blog, or if not shown above)
AP, via the London Free Press, USA
July 20, 2006

Religion News Blog posted this on Friday July 21, 2006.
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