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Turkey Offers Support for Controversial Islamic Group • Tuesday April 22, 2003

Deutsche Welle (Germany), Apr. 22, 2003,3367,1433_A_837905_1_A,00.html

Milli Grs, Germanys largest Islamic association, recently gained the official support of the Turkish government, despite being watched by German intelligence services due to alleged extremist leanings.

On April 19, Turkeys religious-conservative government ordered its embassies to offer the Islamische Gemeinschaft Milli Grs (IGMG) their support. The group, formed in 1985 in Cologne to support Turkish nationalism and oppose the separation of state and religion, has long been criticized by German officials as being anti-Semitic and against liberal Western values.

Turkish Foreign Minister Abdullah Gl on Saturday refused to discuss his specific directions to diplomats regarding Milli Grs, saying only the government has for some time tried to strengthen the ties between our country and our citizens overseas.

The decision comes only two weeks after an agreement between Germany and Turkey on combating organized crime incensed many members of Turkeys ruling AK party because it included Milli Grs with groups like the Kurdish terrorist outfit PKK. Since many AK members have ties to Islamic religious groups, Gl was compelled to say he did not consider Milli Grs a terror organization.

Concern over possible links

Although few contend the group is actively involved in criminal or terrorist activities, officials from Germanys domestic intelligence service remain concerned over possible links to Islamic extremists and comments by Milli Grs members deemed incompatible with the German constitution.

Its goals are not completely clear. There have been statements and publications that have clouded the picture, Kai Hirschmann, a terrorism expert and professor at the Federal Academy for Security Policies in Bonn, told DW-WORLD. Its not a criminal organization but its not completely harmless.

But the organization, which has repeatedly said it accepts the democratic ideals of Germany and Europe, rejects charges that it incites hatred or aims to subvert German laws and values. Milli Grs has around 30,000 members in Germany and supports over 500 mosques and 2,000 regional groups nationwide. To convince others of its good intentions, the IGMG has recently begun a charm offensive.

The IGMG has changed. The focus of our life is in Germany, Oguz cnc, Milli Grs general secretary, told the Sddeutsche Zeitung newspaper. Religious rules are for us appropriately based on the circumstances here in Germany.

Erdogan’s rise

Some observers say the attempt to reform its public image could be at least partly linked to the rise of Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan and his AK party.

Coming to power in a landslide victory last year, Erdogan styles his party as a modern conservative group based on Muslim values. He has distanced himself from former mentor Necmettin Erbakan, who founded the Islamic-influenced Welfare Party.

Erbakans nephew, Mehmet Sabri Erbakan, was IGMG chairman until he left office after allegedly having an extra-marital affair. That has allowed the Milli Grs head Yavuz Celik Karahan to pursue friendlier ties to Erdogans government. But Hirschmann from the Academy for Security Policies in Bonn said the rapprochement was likely a two-way street.

There is now a government in Ankara that supports religious activities, he said. I can understand why Ergodan would aim to support such groups and strengthen contacts with organizations abroad. Well have to wait and see how things develop.

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